There are two primary types of coffee beans, Arabica and Robusta.
MAIN 5 DIFFERENCES?
Robusta's taste is generally not considered as good as Arabica. Robusta bean has double caffeine content than of Arabica -- giving it a bitterer taste. Plus Arabica contains almost 60% more lipids and almost double the concentration of sugar than Robusta. -- Giving it a fruitier and sweeter taste ( yum 😋 )
Green beans of Robusta cost about half the price of Arabica.
This is because Arabica beans
- Grow at higher elevation, so
- They are more difficult to grow, also
- They have a lower yield per coffee tree,
- They are more delicate and vulnerable to pests, and
- It's an extra challenge (& cost) to carry the harvest down the mountain.💪
Instant coffee? - That’s probably all Robusta.
Robusta beans are much more circular, whereas Arabica are more oval.
4. PLANT'S HEIGHT:
Arabica usually grows between 2.5 – 4.5 meters compared to the 4.5 – 6 meter height of Robusta.
-About 75% of the world’s coffee production is Arabica, and about 25% is Robusta.
-The finest Arabica coffee asks for a fertile soil, cool subtropical climates, lots of moisture, lots of care, and are often growing on volcanic soils. As here in our dear Lake Atitlán.
-Arabica beans don't grow in as many regions as Robusta. Robusta is capable of growing well even as low as 200 - 800 meters! (very low 🙂 -- check out our article: HIGH ALTITUDE COFFEE)
Specialty coffee uses premium Arabica beans.
And shan ren farms too.